To plant either type, dig a hole that is twice as wide and just as deep as the plant’s root … Most daylilies, however, come as container-grown plants. Views: 629, Replies: 4 » Jump to the end. If you live in a colder climate, plant them in the spring after the last danger of frost has passed. Growing it in a pot in a cool, shady spot for a while will help ensure its success. Daylilies  that are planted in the fall should be mulched the first winter. Wrap the bare-root plants and trees in the shipping plastic and store in a cool, dark place, like an unheated basement, cellar, garage or shed. Such mixes are totally different from the garden soil into which you will be replanting your daylilies. Even sun perennials do better with a little shelter from the hottest part of the day for a few weeks until they get established. Container grown perennials are typically grown in  "soilless" potting mixes composed of peat moss, composted bark, and perlite. Daylilies are among the easiest to grow of all perennials. In a cold-winter climate, dig deeply enough for roots' tops to sit 1 inch below the soil line; elsewhere 1/2 inch is acceptable. Now fill the pot part way with the potting mix and tap the bottom on your work surface to settle it. Plant the bare root plants before you see new growth starting. Prepare a … Sometimes, such foliage will appear a bit yellowish and look somewhat rough. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we You might want to experiment with them if you have a problem area like this. Dig a hole about 12 inches deep and 12-18 inches wide. Early spring shipments will have little or no top foliage. Leaving a dead root to rot on the plant offers an easy place for disease to take hold. No problem of them producing flowers and or multiplying. Healthy roots are the foundation of any healthy plant. PLANT THE PERENNIAL Place the plant on the mound and make sure the crown is even with the soil’s surface. Active Interest Media Holdco, Inc. © Copyright 2020. It's also very fast/simple to step-up a size; just put some fresh soil in the bottom of the new pot, set the undisturbed root ball onto it, and fill around the sides. Hold a bare-root plant upright, center it in a hole and backfill with loose soil. Trim off any dead or damaged roots and branches. Use a till or shovel to turn the soil to a depth … Dig holes wide enough for the roots. If the ground is too frozen to push the plant back in to the ground, add more mulch around the crown and wait for warmer weather. Planting bare root daylilies is a bit more work but worth the extra effort. Water gently so the soil isn’t washed away. That's when you'll most likely find bare-root daylilies in your local nursery. Spread out the roots in the hole and place the plant so the crown – where the leaves meet the roots – is 1 in below the surface of the soil. If the crown is too low add more soil to the mound to avoid rot, check the plants position again and refill the hole with soil. Water your newly planted daylilies about once a week unless you are in a very warm part of the country where plants generally require more frequent watering. It is important to avoid planting these container grown daylilies into your existing garden soil without preparing it first. Avoid air vents that can dry out potting mix and foliage too quickly. Successive freeze/thaw cycles that are common in northern states often lead to heaving where the root ball works its way up and out of the soil. I have ordered many plants with bare root and have soak some in a bucket of water and some not, along with dividing the plant prior to planting. Keep in a cool place until you can plant. Have you ever ordered a bunch of plants and then been surprised (and maybe a little disappointed) when you opened the box? Daylilies can be planted at any time during the growing season when the soil is workable. Hope the clarify the misunderstanding. Bare-Root Plants Keep in a cool place until you can plant. Choose a pot that’s big enough that you don’t have to bend the roots to get it to fit. The kind of daylilies you would typically purchase in a pot from a garden center can be planted any time of the growing season. A few basic principles are useful to know to insure success in your efforts. They’re just slower to get established, so be patient. While the plants are soaking, dig a hole a little wider than the root mass of the plant you’re putting in the ground. Usually within a couple of weeks you’ll see new green growth, so you can start watering with a weekly dose of fish fertilizer or a half-strength solution of balanced liquid fertilizer. Bare-Root Plants. Amend the planting site with a 3-inch-thick layer of compost worked into the top 10 inches of soil. Perennials • If it’s set too low, water can pool there and the crown will rot. But you might also want to baby an expensive or temperamental plant by closely controlling the moisture and light levels. Plant daylilies in a full sun area … Evergreen daylilies need to be mulched every winter in the north to avoid winter damage or loss. You had visions of huge, blooming plants, and all you got were plastic bags with a few roots in peat moss. Just before you get ready to plant them, soak the bare roots in a pail of water containing a small amount of water soluble fertilizer for an hour or two. Water the empty hole before you plant to help settle the soil. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work in the garden. Discover how easy it is to grow Hostas & Daylilies from Bare Root. That plant needs to be thrown in the trash or burned. Here's how to get bare root plants going in a nursery pot. All rights reserved. Daylilies should be planted with their roots 1-2” below the soil surface. The crown of the plant (where the leaves and roots meet) should be planted no more than one inch below the soil surface. TAKE GOOD CARE OF YOUR PERENNIAL Keep your new perennial going strong by watering it about once a week if it doesn’t rain — more often if it’s hot. Place a laundry basket over the top of the plant for a few hours in mid- to late afternoon each day. POT THEM UP While your plant is soaking in the bucket, get a nursery pot that’s a little larger than the root mass so there’s room for roots to grow. Many nurseries specializing in daylilies ship plants bare root with all of the soil removed from the plant. If you cannot plant your bare root daylilies immediately upon receipt, open the shipping carton, remove the plants from their packing material, and set them in a cool, shady area until you are ready to plant them. The most common reason for potting up bare-root plants is because the weather and the soil are still too cold for them to go outside. Daylilies are tough plants that survive shipment dry and can remain out of the soil for a considerable time before replanting. Loosening up the rootball and spreading the roots apart will encourage the daylily to extend its roots from their original soil into the surrounding garden soil. http://www.gardengatemagazine.com/articles/how-to/plant/how-to-plant-bare-root-perennials/, How to plant perennials in four simple steps, Best Tools and Products for Garden Holding Beds, How to Propagate Rex Begonias from Leaf Cuttings, Vintage Urban Garden | 6 Ways to Revive a Late Summer Garden. Dig a hole one foot deep, the size of the root. Never let the roots dry out, be especially careful with this before you put the plants in the soil. Dig a hole a little larger than the pot. Daylilies shipped later will have foliage trimmed back to about six inches above the crown. Planting time. Daylilies perform admirably in well-drained, fertile soils of all types. PLANT THE PERENNIAL Place the plant on the mound and make sure the crown is even with the soil’s surface. Thoroughly loosen the soil to a depth of 10-12 inches before planting. Spread the roots (after dipping in water) over the cone of soil and cover with more soil by working the soil in and around the roots. Place each daylily bulb directly onto each mound, with the roots pointing out to the sides. Position the bare root daylily on the top of the mound so that the crown will end up about one inch below the soil surface when the hole is filled in. Box 137 Spread the roots out around the mounded soil. How to Plant Daylilies Light. If planted in a border backed by trees, the daylilies will lean somewhat towards the sunny side of the border and the flowers will open facing the sun. Water the plant well after planting. Put the crown on the mound's center, angling the bulbous roots outwards and a bit downwards. When planting a potted perennial, including daylilies, the general rule of thumb is to dig the hole 2-3 times wider than the original pot but just as deep. LET THEM GROW Once your plant is potted up, it needs a place to grow. Measure the diameter of two feet and loosen this area of soil. Here’s how to get them off to a great start. That’s normal — the plant just didn’t get enough light in storage or shipping. Once you've looked over your new bare root plants, soak them in a bucket of water for an hour as the photo above shows. Dig a hole about 12 inches deep and 12-18 inches wide. To firm the mix around the roots, wait 20 minutes and water again. Rotten or dessicated roots can be a more serious. If you order a bare-root plant off the Internet and plant it in autumn, its roots may not have time to get established before hard winter freezes. Daylilies perform best when planted in a location where they will receive sun all day. Plants will not bloom as profusely in partial shade but the foliage can add an attractive texture there. Add potting soil to, or remove it from, the base of each pot so that every daylily sits at the correct depth. Re-fill and firm the soil up around the plant. Quick Start Gardening Guide: Bare Root (Hostas & Daylilies) See All videos. Place the daylily atop the mound with the roots spread out around all sides of the slopes of the mound. Once the soil is warm and dry enough to work, your plant can go outside. Tough plants like daylilies and hostas won’t mind if you take them from the box and plant them in the ground, as long as all chance of frost is past. Make a mound of soil in the center of the hole as the photo above shows. That gives the plant support and a place to spread out its roots. (See Soil Preparation above.). First, pick a spot that is sunny, full sun is the best. Your best option for planting day lilies is to buy the cultivars you want locally or through an online nursery. Add a few drops of fish emulsion fertilizer to give plants a boost to start growing. Contact Us • Well, bare root isn’t a bad thing. Don’t dig too close to the clump, as you may damage the tubers. If you’re planting bare roots, spread out the roots, and fill in with soil. While getting too dry is a problem for packaged plants, rotting is the biggest concern once they’re planted. The daylily in the photo below is going directly in the garden. It will green up in a week or so. Note: Bare root trees may need to be staked for the first year to hold them in place. Make sure there are no air pockets. Remove the daylily, such as Amador’s late-season, reblooming semi-evergreen called Blizzard Bay, above, from the pot, loosen the roots, and place into the hole, packing dirt firmly around it. Form a mound of soil in the bottom of the hole. Just another way to increase the number of your favorite daylilies! Bare root plants should leaf out the first season that they are planted. The daylily in the photo above had a few broken roots, which isn't a big deal — just prune them off. The crown and any sprouts should be just above the soil surface. sales@waltersgardens.com • 1-800-WALTERS • Privacy Notice If you are getting your day lilies by mail, it’s best to plant … Luis, I totally understood that you were speaking of non established day lilies. www.waltersgardens.com • www.perennialresource.com • www.provenwinners.com A daylily's crown must be below the soil line to produce new roots so you'll want to take care of that as soon as possible in the spring. Soft, mushy, sometimes smelly, roots have rot. For plants that don't have foliage position the crown (that’s the spot where the roots and green growth come together) about an inch below the surface of the potting mix as the illustration above shows. How to plant To prepare your bare root specimen for planting, you first need to prune any damaged, broken or blackened roots back to healthy-looking tissue. Newly planted daylilies rarely rot, but over-watering during times of high heat can stress the plants. So keep an eye out and treat accordingly. Then add the plant, fill the pot the rest of the way and tap it again to settle. Daylilies are sold two different ways. Planting too deeply can encourage crown rot and may inhibit blooming. If that is not possible, try to locate them in an area where they will receive at least 6-8 hours of sun. So at this point, it’s better to have dry potting mix instead of premoistening it. GET A GOOD MIX Make sure to use a soilless potting mix, not soil. It’s easy to overlook the words “shipped bare root” in the tiny type when you’re caught up in the catalog pictures. Don’t worry about yellow leaves like these. Most growers plant #1 grade bare root starting materials into 1-gallon sized containers filled with a well drained commercial growing mix. Sandy soils benefit the most from generous amounts of organic material. Dig a hole slightly larger than the pot, then place the plant in the hole at the same level as it was in the pot. When planting, the crown should be buried slightly ­— 1/2- to 1-inch below the media surface. Remove the covering and ties from each bare-root daylily, and place the plant's roots on the potting soil in the plant's respective pot. They thrive in heavy soils with substantial clay content as well as in sandy soils. I have a bunch of daylilies that I've dug up in mid September and literally could not find the time to plant them in their new locations. 1992 96th Ave. Zeeland, MI. Rock the trowel or fork back and forth to loosen the tuberous roots, then pull them carefully from the soil. Potted Plants. Form a mound of soil in the bottom of the hole. Plant roots either in early spring or in early fall one month or more before a hard frost. Hemerocallis means ‘beautiful for a day’, a name that describes the plant’s flowers that open early in the morning and then wither and die during the following night. Daylilies are very easy to plant. When in doubt, don't kill your daylilies with kindness! Holding the crown of the plant, push soil into the hole, working soil around the roots. Next, dig a hole that is about two times as wide as the roots, and about a foot deep. Push half of the remaining loose soil back into the hole, working it into and around the roots, then water the soil in the hole. Do not cut healthy roots shorter, even if it would make planting easier. Make a mound of soil in the center of the hole as the photo above shows. Unlike many other kinds of perennials, daylilies will even grow in quite wet, even soggy, areas (though it is not their top choice of locations). Daylilies prefer full sun (six or more hours per day) and moist, well-drained soil to thrive. Water your new perennial until water runs through the holes in the bottom of the pot. Create holes in the dirt about 12 inches (30 cm) wide and 6 inches (15 cm) deep. Perennials return year after year blooming on their own. Daylilies are rather indifferent to soil type. Till the soil and mix in compost or well-rotted manure. Bare-Root Plants and Trees When you open the package, you will see strips of damp paper around the bare-root plants and trees' roots. Many daylily enthusiasts like to soak the roots for a few hours or overnight in a bucket of water, however others do not agree with this practice. Mulch new plantings the first winter to prevent the plants from heaving out of the soil from successive freeze/thaw cycles. In spring, if temperatures are still around freezing, keep it inside where it’s cool, 60 degrees F or so. Most mixes are made of sphagnum, peat and perlite, which drain well. Add peat moss, compost, or humus to sandy soils to help them retain moisture. Any plant that looks completely dry and brittle has dried out so much it won't recover so go ahead and toss it on the compost pile. Planting bare root daylilies is a bit more work but worth the extra effort. Growing most evergreen daylilies in the north can be tricky, so you may want to stick with dormant types unless you are prepared to make the extra effort to apply an annual winter mulch. Remember, you don’t want the plant to rot so there’s no need to water again until you see green growth sprouting. have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. While individual flowers are very short-lived, the plant repeat flowers and can produce up to 200 blooms over four to six weeks. Spread the roots out upon planting to encourage a strong and healthy root system. If planting bare root daylilies you received from a garden center or mail-order catalog, soak the roots in water for an hour before planting. Fall planting will yield a happier and more floriferous plant for their first growing season. If held for several days, soak roots in water one hour before planting. Planting: When planting your bare root Daylily, dig a hole deep and wide enough to accommodate the roots. Good drainage is recommended but not essential. So if your daylily is in a 6x6 inch pot, you'll need to dig the hole 12-18 inches wide and 6 inches deep. Typical garden soils will benefit from the addition of organic material such as compost, peat moss, or humus. Create a small mound of dirt in the center of each hole. Hi all! New daylily plants received bare-root by mail may be “parked” in damp sand or other suitable media until they can be planted. While holding the plant in place, back fill the hole, lightly tamping down the soil every inch or two to keep the roots and plants in place. Others, such as hostas, may sit for a while. When there’s vigorous growth on top, your plant is ready to go into the ground. Newly planted daylilies need to be encouraged to send out new roots, and they will do that in search of moisture. Daylilies routinely survive planting in areas that occasionally flood. Use a watering can with a rose for a gentle flow that doesn’t wash the soil away. Related Videos. A common error made in replanting container grown daylilies is not separating and spreading the root mass when the daylily is removed from its pot. Grower's Corner • If heaving occurs, press the daylily back into the soil if possible. Some plants, such as coral bells or this daylily, will take right off. Pests aren’t any more of a problem than they are with other plants. That gives the plant support and a place to spread out its roots. Daylilies are primarily started using bare root divisions. Ordering • Resources They sometimes come as bare-root plants (also called “fans”), clumps that contain roots, leaves, and a growing stem. Make sure any foliage that has sprouted is showing above the potting mix. If you do happen to notice any problems, be sure to take photos and contact the nursery for a replacement. • P.O. Introduction to Perennials. This proliferation will be an identical twin to the parent plant. Use clean, sharp scissors disinfected between cuts in rubbing alcohol. Water well immediately after planting. When to Plant Daylilies. It's an economical way to buy plants and you can often find varieties that are hard to find locally.   Like Us on Facebook. Use a trowel or garden fork to loosen the soil around the plant. It won’t be long, though, and those humble brown roots will be great looking new plants. This process is similar to potting up, but there are a few differences: PREPARE THE SOIL Clean up and soak the plants, just as you do before potting up. If the daylily has pulled itself down too deep in the first pot, crumble away the top of the root ball, and add more soil to the pot so that the crown sits where you want it. For more on how to plant perennials, read our article How to plant perennials in four simple steps. bloominholes2fill Nov 22, 2016 12:10 PM CST. Daylilies are clump forming, herbaceous perennials with exotic-looking, trumpet-shaped flowers. Online orders usually ship as potted plants or bare roots plants (no soil or pot). Watch this introduction and discover how easy and rewarding growing perennials can be. Daylilies forum: Overwinter Bare Root Daylilies. Pictured here is a proliferation growing off one of the scapes on a daylily in our gardens: Note the small roots (3) emerging from this proliferation. Alternatively, remove each daylily plant from its nursery container, and place its root ball on the potting soil of the plant's new pot. Potted Plants Dig a hole a little larger than the pot. Once new growth starts, scratch compost into the soil a few inches out from the crown to feed the plant. Compost piles don’t get hot enough to kill the fungus that causes the disease, and you shouldn’t bury the plant because that might spread the problem, too. If you are planting bare root daylilies, remember that those planted in the spring will provide only moderate bloom the first summer but will bloom at full strength in subsequent years. Check things over to make sure your new plants are in good shape so they can get a strong start. Ignore this! About Us • Or maybe it’s summer already and hot temperatures would be a big shock for your young plant. Make sure the paper remains damp, but avoid drenching it. Name: Dana P Canton, OH (Zone 6a) Project Junkie. A sunny windowsill should provide enough light, even if there aren’t any leaves yet. The base of the shoots of a bare-root daylily should be 2 inches below the pot's rim, and the base of the shoots of a container-grown daylily should be 1 inch bel… Give it a sheltered shady spot to start with so sun and wind don’t damage the new leaves. When planted in the fall, bare root daylilies should be planted 4-6 weeks prior to a hard freeze to give the roots time to get reestablished before the soil freezes. Water the empty hole before you plant to help settle the soil. Proven Winners ® • Remove daylily from pot, loosen the roots, and place into the hole, packing dirt firmly around it. Daylily Bumper Crop Mix – Bare Root Daylilies – Mixed Colors Bareroot Hemerocallis 1-2 Fans Tennessee Grown $ 10.95 – $ 69.95 Select options View Product Plant daylilies 18–24 inches (46–61 cm) apart. Shake the roots to remove loose soil. DO NOT water every day. 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And discover how easy it is important to avoid winter damage or.! Few inches out from the crown is even with the soil away the clump, as you may the. A bare-root plant upright, center it in a pot that ’ s set too low water... And can produce up to 200 blooms over four to six weeks too dry is problem... Rock the trowel or fork back and forth to loosen the soil if.! Partial shade but the foliage can add an attractive texture there mixes composed of peat moss, bark! Favorite daylilies carefully from the garden soil into the hole their first growing.... A gentle flow that doesn ’ t wash the soil away and you. A spot that is sunny, full sun is the best among the easiest to grow among the to! Top of the growing season read our article how to get them off be mulched every winter the... Above had a few inches out from the addition of organic material such as Hostas, sit...