Can you eat silverthorn berries – and do they taste good? It has the same fragrant fall flowers and the same rugged dependability. This evergreen shrub can light up the dark corners of a garden. If you don’t have any of these yet, go buy a few. The oval fruit is about 15mm long. Use as specimens, in a border, or as hedging. It’s normal for elaeagnus leaves to have cinnamon-colored specks on their silvery backsides. The fruits taste like a tart-sweet cherry. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. Because we’ve had a mild winter, the berries are popping up a bit earlier than usual. Will Silverthorn grow in SW Florida (zone 10)? Phone: 972 562-5050 Family Elaeagnaceae . Title Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Birds and other wildlife feed on them and some young kids named Neil find them quite edible, but it’s a hard sell to convince others that the little bit of tasty red flesh is worth the work of squeezing out the pulp and spitting out the large seed. Now as for the flowers, very few plants have blooms that are any less obvious. // div { I have had even better results this summer starting silver Thorne cuttings, after soaking cuttings over night in water I place 3 cuttings in each one gallon pot using potting soil containing fertilizer, dip the wet cut end in a root start hormone,make holes in soil so the powered coating doesn’t get removed by just pushing it into soil, use grass cuttings or hay as mulch to help keep soil moist,keep pot WET in shady location,when roots start coming out bottom they are ready to plant,you will be amazed how they don’t even wilt, a few will slowly drop leaves and die, that’s why multiple cuttings per pot and result in a thicker fuller hedge sooner,,, Hey David I just love your website! The State of Florida ask that you not plant them. Elaeagnus pungens ‘Hosoba Fukurin’ Variegated Elaeagnus An easy to grow drought tolerant evergreen shrub with grayish broad leathery foliage. I think I have seen it before though but can’t remember where. Skip to control methods. Silvery scales on rich green round leaves with wavy edges; silvery-white and brown scales on underside. I've never actually seen one of these before…, If you let it grow unchecked, it creates a huge 15' tall mound of foliage. Elaeagnus pungens 'Fruitlandii' Sku #3195. Elaeagnus x reflexa. font-weight: 400; The eleagnus family has plenty of edibles in it, though they’re not well known. Therefore, we recommend a container with a drainage hole(s), and a quality potting soil … Elaeagnus parviflora – a deciduous shrub or small tree, with silvery foliage and scented, cream flowers, appearing from April to May, followed by red, edible berries. font-size: 11px; The best-known edible is the goumi berry – but the most common plant you’ll see around central and north Florida is the “silverthorn,” also known as Eleagnus pungens. Not a really big deal. div.pre-ad { This looks like a great idea for an edible hedge plant – what say you? does anyone have any seeds – i was only able to buy autumn olives seeds – i cannot find silver thorn seeds anywhere? As mentioned, elaeagnus does throw out “fishing poles” of new shoots that can extend a couple of feet beyond the main canopy of the plant’s foliage, but those are easily removed with lopping shears. late spring by red, edible fruits that are popular with birds. Growing Raspberries and Blackberries in Florida. Can grow 5’ or more, full sun or part, but grows tighter in hot sun. They’re all dependable, although they do often revert to green branches scattered through the plants. Good question. Nice for a far-off border privacy screen. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. A nitrogen fixer- great! In this video I talk about silverberry (Elaeagnus x ebbingei) which in my opinion is one of the best bushes for the edible garden. Probably autumn's most wonderfully scented, though insignificant, flowers (E pungens). I found silver throne plants at wallmart and got three plants, have never found them there again, probably as they have been placed on invasive species list, they grew into a 15ft high single plant and I have been successfully started dozens of plants from cuttings, just place cuttings in soil pot keep moist in shady area, my property in n. fl. and let them make an awesome mess. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Shrub They’re lovely, fast-growing and hardy plants that fit excellently into a food forest. A baby silverthorn that will soon grow big. These are often too small and fiddly to be worthwhile, though several of the evergreen Elaeagnus species have quite large seeds. (outside Dallas area: 800 752-4769). Thanks. Branches brown, with thorns, 5-8 cm long. If, however, you begin to see tan mottling on the top surfaces of the leaves, lace bugs may be visiting your plant. margin: 0 auto; The Hidden Danger of Straw Bale Gardening No... Farmer Dave vs. the Econopocalypse: Episode VI –... Good article on perennials at Backwoods Home Magazine, 7 Staple Survival Crops for Northern Gardens, David The Good from, A Look at the Fruit Trees I Planted Six Years Ago in Georgia. Elaeagnus pungens forma maculata Elaeagnus pungens Thunberg, forma maculata (Veitch) Rehder, Bibl. They will grow any and everywhere. The give-away is the silver underside to the leaves. width: 100%; } As one example of an effective use, were you to set 5-gallon-sized plants 6 to 7 feet apart now and care for them properly for the next two or three years, they would grow together to form a great privacy screen. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. It’s hard to beat something that makes fruit so early, stands the cold, and stays evergreen. They provide silvery or frosted leaves, fragrant flowers, and edible (sometimes colorful) fruit to the garden. I have very nosy neighbors and in four years, I have a beautiful fence. The better you can water and feed it, the more quickly it will grow and fill in. An almost ripe fruit. Designed and Developed by PenciDesign. Later it was edible but “not worth eating.”. The genus name Elaeagnus comes from the Greek words elaia meaning "olive tree" and agnos meaning "chaste" or "pure". Fruits are technically edible, but perhaps best left for the birds. Every fall it filled the air with its wonderful perfume. If I manage to start cuttings up here I can also send you one. General Information Scientific name: Elaeagnus pungens Pronunciation: el-lee-AG-nus PUN-jenz Common name(s): Silverthorn, Thorny Elaeagnus Family: Elaeagnaceae Plant type: shrub USDA hardiness zones: 7 through 10 (Fig. A nice sub-acid flavour when fully ripe but astringent if eaten before then. Thanks David! My favorite hedges are the ones that include multiple species, though. Throw in a few of these, a few loquats, a few guavas, etc. Light Needs. The Silverthorn is also closely related to the Autumn Olive and Russian Olive, both of which have edible fruit as well (E. umbellata, E. angustifolia. Elaeagnus grows in a wide assortment of soils. The leaf of Elaeagnus lanceolata and Elaeagnus henryi as well as Elaeagnus pungens has been documented as an effective herb for the treatment of asthma and chronic bronchitis in traditional clinical medicine. Once you spot your first silverthorn hedge, you'll start seeing them everywhere. font-weight: 800; Elaeagnus pungens is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, known by the common names thorny olive, spiny oleaster and silverthorn; also by the family name "oleaster".It is native to Asia, including China and Japan. If all of our landscaping shrubs could be this dependable. It is especially well know for the wonderful strong fall fragrance of the tiny white flowers. 1949. - 10 ft. 0 in. Elaeagnus pungens forma frederici Elaeagnus pungens Thunberg, forma frederici (Bean) Rehder, Bibl. } Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. Description Often used extensively in highway plantings or where erosion control is needed, Maculata Thorny Elaeagnus can also be sheared into a hedge. Apart from producing edible fruits, most species also have a wide range of other uses. Pervasive scent in a quiet, misty November. Photo about Elaeagnus pungens fruits / Ripe in spring, edible and medicinal. Those confuse some gardeners who think that they’re spider mites. It, too, has gray leaves, but it’s too large and erratic for most urban landscapes. Seeds, no. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft) at a medium rate. If you’ve wondered “are silverthorn berries edible,” this post is for you. The rank-growing windbreak tree called Russian olive is actually an elaeagnus (E. angustifolia). Bright yellow, 3- to 4-inch-long leaves splashed are outlined in green. font-style: italic; 😉. Ha They’re really a wonderful plant – I’m glad you were able to get them. Indeed, plant it where it can grow to be 5 or 6 ft. tall and 6 to 8 ft. wide. It’ll grow 2-3 times as tall as you are. Congrats on starting them from cuttings. There are several other species and varieties of elaeagnus, all much less common than this standard one. All Right Reserved. Or do you have to trim it to keep it bushy, and will that drastically lower fruiting? Synonyms Elaeagnus pungens 'Aureovariegata' Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata Aurea' . I have been learning about gardening the last few years and because of you I haven’t fallen flat on my face nearly as much as I would have at this point haha. You can also subscribe without commenting. I grew up with this plant all around me there on James Parkway in College Station. Light Needs. PS make sure you leave room for them to spread, or they will choke out you other plants. div.inline-ad-wrap { You can usually find plants at ornamental plant nurseries in mid-north Florida. Photo about Elaeagnus pungens fruits / Ripe in spring, edible and medicinal. It can fix Nitrogen. If you need a slightly taller screening shrub, this could be just the one. Cult. Propagate Yams the Easy Way with Yam Minisetts. [CDATA[ Also known as Silverberry, or Silverthorn. If it will grow in my zone, any idea where to find a start? Image of small, edible, elaeagnus - 176848840 Look for that. It is present in the southeastern United States as an introduced species, a common landscaping and ornamental plant, and sometimes an invasive species. Elaeagnus Family: Elaeagnaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Stem Cutting Country Or Region Of Origin: Hybrid of 2 Asian parents Wildlife Value: Birds are attracted to the drupes Edibility: Fruits are edible Dimensions: Height: 8 ft. 0 in. Five plants that look like Marijuana: a helpful... How To Identify an Edible Bolete Mushroom. I’ve got them growing near my citrus trees and as they grow bigger, I’ll chop them back and use the trimmings for mulch. Full sun. Beskrivning. But they are an awesome fix to bad neighbors. It grows quickly, and its branches are arched and somewhat spiny. color: #ccc; It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Elaeagnus umbellata. I am looking to get this silverberry shrub. Seed - raw or cooked. Elaeagnus pungens. @2017 - PenciDesign. Most of us simply call this shrub by its generic name “elaeagnus,” but botanically it’s Elaeagnus pungens ‘Fuitlandii’. If you look in gardening references, you’ll find it listed by a common name of fruitland silverberry, but if you ever hear somebody calling it by that name, it’s probably because they just looked it up. How To Grow Tobacco and Why You Should... Five Easy To ID Florida Edible Wild Mushrooms. The Silverthorn, Elaeagnus pungens, came from China and Japan to North America some 200 years ago in the early 1800’s.It’s an ornamental landscape plant often used for hedges and barriers. Genus of about 90 species of deciduous or evergreen shrubs and trees mainly from Asia with a few from southern Europe and North … Actually, it has that gray-green foliage so many people like in their landscapes. It's a common plant here. A hybrid selection called Ebbenge’s elaeagnus (Elaeagnus x ebbengei) produces lovely gray-green foliage, but on plants that tend to be slightly more upright. Quite nice. Image of silverberry, pungens, delicious - 176850004 It can be pruned back easily, though, and maintain a decent shape. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. They’re actually a normal part of the leaf tissue. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. In the genus Eleagnus are several dozen species of shrubs and trees from thickets and dry places, mainly in Asia. The Silverthorn, Elaeagnus pungens, came from China and Japan to … I wanted to reach out since you lived in gainesville maybe you know a place near me that would have it? I too cant find it anywhere because of it being listed as invasive. I’m in Orlando FL any help is greatly appreciated! Trees 483. Well, kind of green. And, that’s OK, because these flowers aren’t much to look at. }. Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata' el-ee-AG-nus PUN-jenz. text-align: center; The Great South Florida Food Forest Project. Its relatively small stature, yellow flowers, leaves that remain silvery on the upper surface throughout the season, twigs with rusty-brown scales, and pale, mealy fruit distinguish it from both Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia), which is a small tree having twigs with silvery-white scales, and from Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata), which has creamy white flowers and red fruits. Don’t plan on shearing it into some regular (i.e., square) form, because it will rebel with long shoots you’ll have to remove one-by-one. Those little flowers do produce fruit that mature in the spring. How To Protect Moringa Trees From Frost –... Why You Should Keep Mango Trees Small and... Why Becoming a Master Gardener Isn’t Worth It, A DIY Smoked Hot Homemade Pepper Sauce Recipe, More Victims of the Satanic Grazon Herbicide, Survival Plant Profile: Cassava – King of Staples, The Edible Blue Mushroom: Lactarius Indigo, Velvet Beans: A Natural Testosterone Booster. These seeds have a mild flavour, can be eaten … Broadleaf evergreen shrub, 10-10 ft (3-3 m) high, irregular habit. 2) Planting month for zone 7: year round margin: 10px 0; It's not "supposed" to grow down there, but it probably will. It’s similar to the pruning we have to do to Lady Banksia roses and standard glossy abelias. text-align: center; 1949. This is your window of opportunity – seize it! Though most people grow silverthorn as an ornamental hedge plant, it’s a good edible and a good nitrogen fixer. 🙂, Is it dense enough to provide screening? See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Fruitlandii If you’ve wondered “are silverthorn berries edible,” this post is for you. Fruits are edible. frederici Bean 1914. Just want to know how to kill it? Trees 483. It makes one wonder how some plants get so maligned. Can be made into preserves, drinks etc. } thorny elaeagnus. letter-spacing: 1px; Flowers in late fall to early winter, sweetly pungent (fragrant); develops an unkempt appearance if not attentively pruned; can climb by "hooking" thorns around trees and structures; red, edible fruits; blooms can be taken indoors and used as a natural deodorizer. Plus, it’s one of our best landscaping shrubs to boot. Grow elaeagnus where you need a large, assertive shrub. About the size of a large blackcurrant, though the seed is also quite large. padding: 5px 0; Grow southern peas in Florida for an unstoppable crop! Specific epithet means sharp-pointed in reference to the sharp thorny spines found on this species. You may need to do a little reshaping of it each spring, after its burst of new growth, but nothing on a regular basis. One of the Asian species, E. angustifolia, may also be native in southeasternmost Europe, though it may instead be an early human introduction there. Like your mom. You can usually find them at ornamental landscape nurseries up here. … Elaeagnus pungens, more commonly known as thorny olive, is a big, thorny, fast-growing plant that is invasive in some parts of the United States and hard to get rid of in many more.Native to Japan, the thorny olive grows as a shrub and occasionally as a vine that reaches anywhere from 3 … The best-known edible is the goumi berry – but the most common plant you’ll see around central and north Florida is the “silverthorn,” also known as Eleagnus pungens. has very poor sugar sand which kills nearly anything I plant,these thrive here with no care at all,,they show no damage from frost and don’t lose thier leaves in winter,insects and critters won’t touch them,amazing privacy hedge,. Even if you aren’t currently growing silverthorn, keep an eye out – chances are, you can snag some berries locally. Flowers are not particularly showy, but are intensely fragrant. { Those little flowers do produce fruit that mature in the spring. thorny olive. BASIONYM: Elaeagnus pungens Thunberg, var. Elaeagnus triflora extends from Asia south into northeastern Australia, while E. commutata is native to North America, and Elaeagnus philippinensis is native to the Philippines. Dense, spiny, vigorous, scrambling shrub, spreading over support to 20m tall. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. Elaeagnus pungens is a densely-branched, spreading, spiny, evergreen shrub usually growing 300 - 400cm tall, though it can be smaller and can occasionally reach around 8 metres[11. Genus Elaeagnus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, often silvery-scaled leaves, and small fragrant tubular flowers borne in clusters in the leaf axils, and followed by small juicy fruit Leaves alternate, simple, elliptic, 5-10 cm long, vareigated, central area yellow and gold surrounded by a narrow dark green margin. Width: 8 ft. 0 in. Hardiness zones are based largely on climate, particularly minimum temperatures. Do they get scraggly over time? Also known as. Unripe fruits are astringent. A baby silverthorn that will soon grow big. Unless those green shoots are removed, they will quickly overtake the slower-growing yellow-and-green leaves. clear: both; Those can be trimmed (or you can lay them on the ground with a brick on top and start new plants). Funny, isn’t it, that some of the ugliest flowers in Texas so fill the air with delicious fragrance – and at a season when you’re really not set up to expect it. I’ve never had much luck in that regard. Elaeagnus growing in pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. Then it was “not edible.”. Small, one-seeded, reddish-brown fruits (drupes to 1/2" long) typically ripen in spring. Is it thorny, and is it a bush or a tree? Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’ (= E. pungens aureomaculata ) (wild variety: eastern Asia) Habit: A small shrub here, 1-2 m tall, 1 m wide, even larger in protected areas, sometimes up to 3 m; otherwise squat, bushy, upright, dense branching, slow-growing. It can fix Nitrogen. Water Needs. // ]]> Widgets. Stems are red-brown and long, arching and tough. That way they’re simultaneously feeding the ground with their roots and with what I drop. They do put out really scraggly long branches at certain times. Silverthorn berries are normally a February fruit, but I got a few ripe ones at the end of January. If you don't eat the berries pull them off, put them where you want them to spread and watch them grow. Elaeagnus pungens . Other common names oleaster 'Maculata' . Actually, it’s not toxic but tasty, and easy to identify. This selection has a light golden edged variegation. It is in leaf all year, in flower from November to February, and the seeds ripen from April to May. The genus name Elaeagnus comes from the Greek words elaia meaning "olive tree" and agnos meaning "chaste" or "pure". Plant it in lousy soil and it will still thrive. They’re about the only insect that causes any concern, and a systemic insecticide should make quick work of them if you apply it immediately. It’s heatproof, and it’s evergreen. background: #eee; Birds and other wildlife feed on them and some young kids named Neil find them quite edible, but it’s a hard sell to convince others that the little bit of tasty red flesh is worth the work of squeezing out the pulp and spitting out the large seed. Win-win. Any soil, tolerates abuse well. - 10 ft. 0 in. It’ll grow 2-3 times as tall as you are. Give elaeagnus full or nearly full sun. padding: 5px 0 10px; This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Densely-branched evergreen shrub creates a superb screen, hedge, barrier, or naturalizer. Elaeagnus hybrid, Elaeagnus pungens, Elaeagnus glabra, Elaeagnus ‘variegata’ What does it look like? Encountering it now is like a trip back to my childhood. Common names are also in reference to the spines. Not quite as gray as Texas sage (but a lot more durable) and not nearly as deep green as hollies or junipers. Cult. Edible parts of Elaeagnus: Fruit - raw or cooked.